A teaching strategy is anything the teacher does or facilitates to help students learn.
So while formal teaching strategies like ‘Reciprocal Teaching’ and ‘Station Teaching’ are often thought of when considering these kinds of strategies, something as simple as ‘being clear,’ making eye contact, or even holding class outside could be considered a teaching strategy.
How can an instructional strategy both ‘challenge’ and ‘support’ students? Clarity supports students while allowing you and the student to pinpoint exactly what’s being learned, what the performance standards are, etc. Bloom’s Twists (based on Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy) can ‘make room for’ struggling students while challenging students who have mastered a topic at a lower level.
With that in mind, below I’ve gathered six of the more usable, flexible, and effective teaching strategies that might just make your job a little bit easier–and help your students grow just a little bit more.
You can pre-register for an upcoming course TeachThought University on these strategies that goes into more detail on each (while adding a few to the list).
6 Instructional Strategies That Challenge And Support Students
A formal discussion led by the use of open-ended questions to guide inquiry and reveal knowledge gaps and biases.
Socratic seminars are conducted by leading with a series of questions, so that the students must think critically about what they know and what they don’t. The process is highly effective for uncovering knowledge gaps and biases — students typically find out more than they ever thought was possible, and instructors gain insight into how well their students have retained the course material.
A teaching strategy that both Hattie and Marzano identify as especially effective, clarity improves learning.
Question Formulation Technique
Brainstorm questions, then improve those questions through discussion.
Tiered Learning Targets
Create learning targets that capture a range of student abilities–and that challenge all students.
Start lessons off at lower levels of thinking, then gradually increase.
Design lessons that require transfer of understanding.
Structured dialogue with students to help them make meaning of a text.
6 Teaching Strategies To Promote Deeper Learning